2018 WAEC GEOGRAPHY ANSWERS
11- 20 BACCABABCA
21- 30 CDACBCBACA
31- 40 ACDADCAACB
41- 50 ACDBCBACBA
1. concentrated in towns
2. mainly import substituting;
3. depend on imported machinery/technology;
1. Making relevant products: manufacturing industries in tropical Africa create an environment where the products created for it populace are made with a proper understanding of their needs.
2. Job creation: With vast youth unemployment in the tropical Africa , manufacturing is one of the only sectors next to agriculture that can create a significant amount of jobs for the currently unemployed in these areas.
3. Participation in the global economy:
Unlike other countries that have strong manufacturing sectors, tropical Africa countries is limited in its participation in the global economy.
1. inadequate capital;
2. poor management;
3. shortage of raw materials;
i)the north Atlantic route
ii)the Panama central route
iii)trans Pacific trade route
iv)the south Atlantic route
i)it help in the transportation of goods and materials at chesper and safer means
ii)national and international trade water transportation enhance trade between two or more countries and also between two regions
iii)it enhance access to national resources through transportation in different natural resources are discover of the nationa
iv)generationals of revenue water transportation generate revenue through obtaining license from the government of it nations
i)river should be dredged regular
ii)ship should be equipped with refrigerated holds
iii)water weeds should be put under permanent controls
iv)construction of canals to by pass water falls and cataract
Characteristics of subsistence agriculture
1. It is mostly practiced by peasant farmers.
2. It involves a small area of land.
3. It involves the use of local tools eg hoe, cutlass etc.
4. There is no specialization.
5. It employs unskilled labour.
6. The harvest returns are small.
7. It usually involves the use of family labour.
8. It involves mainly the production of food crops alone.
9. It provides for the basic needs of the family.
10. There is little or no surplus for sale.
11. Mixed system of farming is usually practised.
4b) ADVANTAGES OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
1. Provision of basic needs of the family like food and clothing
2. Small plot of land can be used to cultivate such as the backyard garden.
3. Little or low capital is required to carry out subsistence farming.
4c) DISADVANTAGES OR PROBLEMS OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
1. Family labour supply is unreliable because they are not paid for job done.
2. Crude tools are used such as cutlass, hoe and rake.
3. Fragmentation or small farmland is available because lands are owned communally and usually shared among family members regardless of whether they are interested in farming or not.
4. No surplus for sale to earn income. All produce are consumed by the family.
5. Pest and diseases are not controlled.