The poem titled “The Schoolboy” holds its popularity and high level of likeness to how the poet decently challenged the trending classroom education; surely William Blake is a genius.
“Early to bed is early to rise” but such idiomatic expression has nothing to do with the schoolboy during the summer morn: “I love to rise in a summer morn/ When the birds sing on every tree” (line 1-2). Such period is most delightful to the boy since the simple, sweet and spontaneous education he derives is far higher than that of the classroom learning.
Looking at the six stanzas of the poem, it is obvious that the poet paid attention to the rhythm and the rhymes without allowing poetic license steal the simplicity of the poem. What more can be said of the language? There is no obsolete word, no Shakespearean English, no huge vocabulary that will prompt opening the dictionary. Unhappiness of the schoolboy coupled with rhetorical questions in the poem gave it a sad tone;
“But to go to school in a summer morn,_
O it drives all joy away!
Under a cruel eye outworn,
The little ones spend the day
In sighing and dismay” (quoting stanza two of the poem)
Other poetic languages of not are rhetorical questions, symbolism, repetition, alliteration, etc.
The mood is gloomy and sober with a corresponding tone of lamentation and pessimism. There appears to be a shift in tone in the last stanza as he expresses hope but he ends the stanza on a pessimistic note.
As a result of the many years of failed governance, the country experiences all kinds of social problems like violence, robbery, insurgence, kidnapping thus becoming a sabre-toothed tiger/a giant hawk . The youths and elder statesmen refrain from agitation for fear of being persecuted or repressed by government: While infants shudder home/the grizzled ones snatch their gut/from bayonets of tribulation/halting venturous walk at dusk .
In the last stanza, while the poet looks forward to a generation that will take the nation out of its hopeless state toward the shore of possibilities, his hope is threatened by the ravenous nature of the ruling class: The land lies patiently ahead/ awaiting in ambush , ready to devour the future change- agents.
Santigi is the king if the village of mando. He is a good and Just king who rules his people well. He is an impartial king. He is the father of kindo. He was deceived by maligu to support the strangers coming to the village. He easily trust people and that is why maligu capitalised from that to deceive him. He is highly respected. As a king of mando, He counts on white head’s promises that he will establish school to teach his people. He feels happy that his people will soon know how to read and write. As an impartial king, he banished kindo, his son, who committed murder. This rare trait is hardly found these days among kings. His interest as a king is, for the village to be peaceful and progressive. This is a mark of good leadership. He is a quintessence of good leadership, impartial and truth.