2018 Waec Geography Answers (May/June Expo)

WAEC GCE 2018/2019 Second Series Exam Timetable Pdf



(i) caves
(ii) sinkholes
(iii) skyline landscapes


(i) Limestone are all used to neutralise excess acidity of soil in agriculture

(ii) Limestone is used as a building
material .

(iii) It is used in industries to purify iron in blast furnaces.

(iv) It used in Glass making.



i) A great circle is the shortest path between two points along the surface of a sphere .
(ii) great circle is the intersection of the surface with a plane passing through the center of the planet .
(iii) They cross successive meridians at different angles.

(i) Great circle are of importance to navigation and aviation .
(ii) The shortest route between any two places is along the arc of the great circle which passes through them .
(iii) Ships crossing the vast oceans and aircrafts follow the Great circle route in order to save fuel and time .


i)Encroachment : More migration lead to
less availability of land which lead to higher economic value of land.
ii)Pollution: Explosive increase in the urban population without
corresponding expansion of civic facilities such as lack of adequate infrastructure for the disposal of waste results in waste clogging the
natural channels and storm water drains.
iii)Illegal mining activities: Illegal mining
for building material such as sand and quartzite both on the catchment and on the bed of the lake have extremely damaging impact on the water body.
iv)Interference in drainage system:
Drainage congestion caused by badly
planned construction of bridges , roads , railway tracts, hampers the
flow of water and the result is flood.

– Flooding leads to loss of human life
– Flooding leads to damage to property
– It leads to destruction of crops

(i) Improving Drainage
Improving water drainage helps control floods by
facilitating easy flow of excess water, especially in urban areas during flash floods.

(ii) Building Dikes and Levees Dikes and levees are flood- control structures built to fight
river flooding and water surges.

(iii) Building Canals
Canals are artificial water channels that can be crucial to flood prevention . Canals facilitate control of water levels passing through , and form linear reservoirs and water
locks .

(iv) Harvesting Rain Water
Harvesting rainwater involves collecting and storing rainwater and can not only prevent floods , it can also curb urban water scarcity


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