2019 WAEC Animal Husbandry Answers

2019 WAEC Animal Husbandry Practical Answers

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY OBJ

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11-20DBDBACADAC

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1a) i)

  • Bee keeping requires less time, money and infrastructure investments

-Honey and beeswax can be produced from an area of little agricultural value

  • The Honey bee does not compete for resources with any other agricultural enterprise.

-Beekeeping can be initiated by individuals or groups

-The market potential for honey and wax is high

1b)

  • Use a hybrid or cross bred female.

-Satisfy the nutritional requirements of the sow both in pregnancy and lactation.

-Bring a healthy sow into the farrowing house.

-Achieve good birth weights.

-Ensure each pig receives maximum colostrum at birth.

1c)
i)For food production e.g milk and meat
ii)They are used as source of power in the farm.
iii)They serve as source of hides.
iv)They serve as source of income to farmers
v)They provides raw materials for industry.
vi)Their horns are used for decoration.

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(2a)
(Pick three)
(1)Separators Dairy Equipment.
(2)Homogenizer Dairy Equipment.
(3)Pasteurizers Dairy Equipment.
(4)Tanks Dairy Equipment

(2b)
(Steps for Pasteurization of milk)

(1)Pour the raw milk into the stainless steel pot.

(2)Slowly heat the milk to 145 degrees Fahrenheit, stirring occasionally

(3)Hold the temperature at 145 F for exactly 30 minutes.

(4)Remove the pot of milk from the heat and place it in a sink or large bowl filled with ice water.

(5)Store pasteurized milk in the refrigerator.

(2ci)
-Wholesalers

(1)They purchase product in bulk

(2)They provide storage facilities

(3)They provide good transport facilities

(4)They pass information from retailers to producer and vise versa

(2cii)
-Retailer

(1)They make produce readily available to the customers

(2)They provide jobs for many people

(3)They pass information from the consumers to the wholesalers

(4)They give credits to some consumers

(2di)
(Pick three only)
-Marketing board
(1)The board provides an organised and ready market for various agricultural commodities

(2)it helps to stabilise the prices of farm produce

(3)The board sometimes provides capital to farmers

(4)it advises and encourage farmers to adopt modern farming techniques

(5)it helps to transport the produce of the farmers

(2dii)

(Pick three only)

  • co-operative society

(1)They stimulate competition in produce marketing by buying produce in bulk

(2)They have close contact with producers

(3)They reduce the inequality of income distribution by selling to members at reduced rate

(4)They also provide transportation services

(5)They grant loans to members

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3a) Mouth –> egg hatches –> intestines –> larva

3aii)

  • it’s bites can cause severe irritation
  • heavy louse infestation can lead to restlessness
  • Emaciation or loss of weight
  • the sores may create room for pathogens to attack the animal
  • Scratching for the bites results to sores
  • heavy louse infestation can cause death

3aiii)

  • isolate infected animals
  • Avoid overcrowding of animals
  • maintain good sanitation
  • spray the animal host with insecticides
  • Regular dipping of animals in solutions containing ascaricides

3aiv)

  • poultry
  • goat
  • dog
  • sheep
  • cattle
    -pig

3bi)

  • cattle
  • Sheep

3bii) Protozoa (Eimeria spp)

3biii)

  • blood stained diarrhoea
  • weakness
  • Emaciation
  • Anaemia

3biv)

  • change of litter after some time
  • vaccination should be regular
  • maintain good sanitary measures
  • apply coccidiastat to their drinking water

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(4a)
Artificial pasture refers to an area of land covered with forage grasses and legumes which are deliberately planted by man.

(4b)
(i) extend the growing season of a pasture
(ii) increase the organic matter content of the soil over time because of grass root systems
(iii) reduce weed encroachment
(iv) reduce erosion
(v) produce higher yields
(vi) improve the palatability

(4ci)
(i) mixed production
(ii) intensive farming systems “landless”
(iii) extensive production system

(4cii)
-Mixed production:
(I) it includes both agriculture and livestock
(ii)it can be either intensive or extensive.
(iii)it used for exploitation of both irrigated or non-irrigated land and they are common in some parts of America, Europe and Asia.

-Intensive farming:
(i) it is mainly used for livestock.
(ii)it is used to breed pigs, chickens, laying hens, cattle and even fish
(iii)they are common in north America, Europe and Asia and in heavy populated areas in general, where the demand for meat and proteins is very high.

-Extensive farming:
(i)it is used on large non-cultivated land where animals can graze freely
(ii)it is use for cattle, to produce meat and milk, sheep and goats.
(iii)It is more common in Central and South America

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5b)
Zebu cattle are usually red or grey in colour
They are horned
They have loose skin
They have large ears and have a hump above their shoulders.
This breed is used for its milk, meat and as draft animals

5c)
Choose any five

= the regulation of body temperature
= growth
= digestion
= reproduction
= metabolism
= lubrication of joints excretion
= eyesight

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